Topaz and Citrine are the birthstones of November and were often mistaken throughout history.
The word ‘Topaz’ was said to come from the Sanskrit word tapas, which means ‘fire’, whilst others believe it came from the Greek word topazos.
Topaz comes in a variety of hues including colourless, light blue, orange, pink, violet, brown and red, though red is very rare to come by. Some colours are formed naturally while others are man-made. Blue topaz is the gem of the fourth wedding anniversary, and Imperial topaz is the gem of the 23rd wedding anniversary.
Although durable, topaz is known to chip or crack easily, so be wary of hitting your gems against hard surfaces.
The word ‘Citrine’ was believed to come from the word Citron which is French for lemon. Most citrines available in the market are the result of heat-treating amethysts. Citrine comes in many hues ranging from transparent yellow to brownish orange. It is the gem of the 13th wedding anniversary.
Due to its affordability in a broad range of sizes, the citrine birthstone is one of the most desired yellow gemstones. (Source: GIA)