Garnet is the birthstone of the month of January. The term ‘garnet’ derives from the 14th Century Middle English word ‘gernet’, which means dark red.
It is commonly found in dark red tones but they are also available in a variety of colours and hues. The gemstones are separated
into 5 categories based on their colour and gem structure -pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular, and andradite.
Garnets under the pyrope and almandine group range from purple to red. Spessartine comes in bright oranges and
yellows, while andradite is mostly yellow to green. But the group withthe largest range of colour would be the grossular
group, as they range from colourless through yellow to reddish orange and orangy red, as well as a strong
vibrant green called tsavorite.
Garnets have been known throughout history due to it being worn by prominent figures in the past such as the necklaces worn
by the Pharaohs in Ancient Egypt, or the signet rings in Ancient Rome to name a few. One of the most famous garnet jewelry known
in history would be the Smithsonian’s antique pyrope hair comb which features a large rose-cut Garnet gemstone sitting at the
crest amongst the smaller rose-cut garnet gems. Garnet then became very popular during the Victorian era (1837-1901) when this piece
While durable, Garnets are more prone to damage than rubies, sapphires, and diamonds. Therefore, whilst some garnet pieces can be worn
as a ring for daily wear, they are mainly adorned as earrings,brooches, and pendants. (Source: GIA)